We present here information about the IGCP-628 leaders and our main partnerships.
Dr. Renata da Silva Schmitt (Brazil)
Departamento de Geologia – IGEO CCMN – Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro - firstname.lastname@example.org
Dr. Maarten De Wit (South Africa)
Earth Stewardship Science and AEON Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University - email@example.com
Dr. Alan Collins (Australia)
Academic Group Leader (Geology and Geophysics) EES Associate Head (Teaching and Learning) - firstname.lastname@example.org
Dr. Philippe Rossi (France)
CGMW President Petrologic and geodynamic evolution of the European Variscan chain Geological mapping of plutonic complexes - email@example.com
Dr. Colin Reeves (The Netherlands)
Earthworks BV Achterom 41A – 2611 PL Delft The Netherlands - firstname.lastname@example.org
Dr. Edison José Milani (Brazil)
PETROBRAS - CENPES/PDGEO Research and Development in Geosciences - General Manager - email@example.com
Dr. Umberto Giuseppe Cordani (Brazil)
Universidade de São Paulo, Instituto de Neociências - firstname.lastname@example.org
The research and development activities of PETROBRAS are centralized at the Leopoldo Américo Miguez de Mello Center of Research and Development (Cenpes), located at the University City, Campus of the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ). With a total área of 300,000 m², it is one of the most important applied research complexes in the world. Besides the advances laboratories, it provided simulation rooms and immersion in the processes of energy industry.
The project “Revision of the Gondwana Geological Map” is cooperation between the Department of Geology from UFRJ and CENPES, initiated in December of 2010 with five years duration. Recently it was extended to October 2017. CENPES is the major financing source for the Gondwana Project through this cooperation.
In 1945, UNESCO was created in order to respond to the firm belief of nations, forged by two world wars in less than a generation that political and economic agreements are not enough to build a lasting peace. Peace must be established on the basis of humanity’s moral and intellectual solidarity.
UNESCO strives to build networks among nations that enable this kind of solidarity, by:
• Mobilizing for education: so that every child, boy or girl, has access to quality education as a fundamental human right and as a prerequisite for human development.
• Building intercultural understanding: through protection of heritage and support for cultural diversity. UNESCO created the idea of World Heritage to protect sites of outstanding universal value.
• Pursuing scientific cooperation: such as early warning systems for tsunamis or trans-boundary water management agreements, to strengthen ties between nations and societies.
• Protecting freedom of expression: an essential condition for democracy, development and human dignity.
With 121 national members, the Union aims to promote development of the Earth sciences through the support of broad-based scientific studies relevant to the entire Earth system; to apply the results of these and other studies to preserving Earth's natural environment, using all natural resources wisely and improving the prosperity of nations and the quality of human life; and to strengthen public awareness of geology and advance geological education in the widest sense.
For over forty years, UNESCO has worked with the International Union for Geological Sciences (IUGS) to mobilize global cooperation in the Earth sciences through the International Geoscience Programme (IGCP). This Programme has provided a platform for scientists from across the world to push the frontiers of knowledge forward through concrete projects. In the early years, the Programme enhanced scientific exchange through the correlation of geological strata and research data, focusing on basic geoscientific research and on making connections between events throughout the Earth's history. The IGCP-628 is inserted on theme 5 - Geodynamic: Control our environment.
The Commission of the Geological Map of the World (CGMW) is an international non-profit association governed by French law and is responsible for designing, coordinating, preparing and publishing small-scale thematic Earth Science maps of the globe, continent, major regions and oceans. The CGMW is affiliated to the International Union of Geological Sciences (IUGS) and the International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics (IUGG), and is supported by UNESCO.
This organization fully supports the IGCP-628 officially since August 2012, a resolution approved at the 34th IGC in Brisbane, Australia. Its president, Dr. Philippe Rossi, is also one of the IGCP-628 leaders.
Understanding how does continental crust form, overgrow and evolve is a highly important Earth Science problem. The focus of this IGCP project is continental crust construction in Central and East Asia and its desktop comparison with the Western Pacific.
The main goal is to undertake a broad-scale and multi-method investigation of continental construction in the Central Asian Orogenic Belt (CAOB or Altaids) in order to prove that the Phanerozoic was an important period of juvenile continental crust formation versus an idea of its dominantly Archean origin.
The specific goals are linked with distinguishing main stages of continental construction:
1) crustal growth (formation of juvenile crust);
2) crustal formation (formation recycled crust);
3) continental growth (accretion minus tectonic erosion),
4) continental formation (collisional processes).
All these stages will be carefully reconstructed within each individual orogenic belt of the CAOB and across them within the whole orogenic belt.
IGCP – 648
Supercontinent Cycles and global geodynamics
Rapid recent progress in supercontinent research indicates that Earth's history has been dominated by cycles of supercontinent assembly and breakup. New developments in geophysical imaging power and computer simulation have provided increasingly clearer views of the Earth's interior, and how the moving plates on the Earth's surface interact with the deep planetary interior. In this project, we will bring together a diverse range of geoscience expertise to harness these breakthroughs in order to explore the occurrence and evolution history of supercontinents through time, and the underlying geodynamic processes. As part of this project, we will establish/improve global databases of geotectonics, palaeomagnetism, mineral deposits, and the occurrences of past mantle plume events, and examine how the supercontinent cycles interacted with the deep mantle to produce episodic and unevenly distributed Earth resources. The project builds on the success of a series of previous IGCP projects. It will not only lead to major scientific breakthroughs, but also develop user-friendly GIS-based databases that can be used by anyone who wants to reconstruct palaeogeography, test geodynamic models, model major climatic events such as Snowball Earth events, and predict exploration targets for Earth resources and discovery of new Earth resources.